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How Well Do You Know Autism? Test Yourself

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. People with ASDs handle information in their brain differently than other people. ASDs are “spectrum disorders,” meaning that ASDs affect each person in different ways. People with ASDs share some similar symptoms, such as problems with social interaction and emotional regulation. But there are differences in when the symptoms start, how severe they are, and the exact nature of the symptoms.

Test yourself:

How well do you understand autism spectrum disorders?

Mark the following statements as true or false:

  1. Autism is a brain disorder.
  2. Autism occurs in all races, genders, ethnicities and social levels.
  3. Autism occurs in boys and girls in equal numbers.
  4. All children should be screened for autism.
  5. The onset of autism is typically in the first year of life.
  6. Autism occurs in one of every 68 children in the U.S.
  7. Autism is more common in first-born children.
  8. Children with autism are adverse to affection.
  9. All children with autism have special talents
    and are often “savants.”
  10. Autism is neither treatable nor curable.

 

Answers

1. True.

2. True.

3. False. Autism is four times more common in boys.

4. True. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children be screened for autism between 18 and 24 months of age.

5. False. The onset of autism is typically between one and three years of age. However, autism can be diagnosed later, even in adults. Some children with an ASD show hints of future problems within the first few months of life. In others, symptoms might not show up until 24 months or later. Some children with an ASD seem to develop normally until around 18 to 24 months of age and then they stop gaining new skills, or they lose the skills they once had.

6. True, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

7. True.

8. False. This is a misconception that stems from the fact that some children with autism prefer to be alone, and some have sensory issues and may find physical affection to be overwhelming.

9. False. Autistic savants, who have extraordinary talents, are very rare. But it is not uncommon for those with ASD to have special interests to which they are intensely devoted.

10. False. Although there is no treatment or medication that can cure autism, there are many treatments, medications and services that can improve symptoms and help the person to function and fulfill their potential.



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